Information Technology

Near Field Communication (NFC) Definition

Near Field Communication (NFC) Definition

Near Field Communication (NFC) is a wireless communication technology that enables short-range data exchange between two NFC-enabled devices. It is a type of radio frequency identification (RFID) that operates at a frequency of 13.56 MHz and has a range of about 4 centimeters or less. NFC technology allows users to share data, access information, and make payments by simply bringing their NFC-enabled devices close to one another.

How does NFC work?

NFC works by using magnetic field induction to establish communication between two devices. One device acts as the reader or initiator, while the other acts as the tag or target. When the devices come close to each other, the reader generates a magnetic field, which induces a current in the target device. This current contains information that can be read by the reader, allowing the two devices to exchange data.

Types of NFC devices

NFC-enabled devices come in different forms, including smartphones, tablets, laptops, and even wearable devices. These devices can either be the initiator or the target in an NFC communication. For instance, a smartphone can be used as an initiator to make a payment at a store, while a point-of-sale terminal acts as the target. Alternatively, a smartphone can also be used as a target to receive data from an NFC-enabled printer or another smartphone.

NFC applications

NFC technology has numerous applications in various industries, including retail, transportation, healthcare, and entertainment.


Near Field Communication (NFC) is a wireless communication technology that allows two NFC-enabled devices to exchange data by bringing them close to each other. It is a simple, secure, and convenient way to share information, make payments, and access services. With the increasing adoption of NFC-enabled devices and the growth of the Internet of Things (IoT), NFC is poised to become an even more ubiquitous technology in the years to come.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *